Homo Ludens: Study of the Play Element in Culture by Johan Huizinga PDF

By Johan Huizinga

ISBN-10: 0710005784

ISBN-13: 9780710005786

Homo Ludens or "Man the Player" (alternatively, "Playing Man") is a booklet written in 1938 via Dutch historian, cultural theorist and professor Johan Huizinga. It discusses the significance of the play component to tradition and society. Huizinga makes use of the time period "Play Theory" in the e-book to outline the conceptual house within which play happens. Huizinga means that play is fundamental to, and is an important (though now not enough) situation of the iteration of culture.

Foreword controversy: Huizinga makes it transparent within the foreword of his ebook that he capability the play section of tradition, and never the play point in tradition. He writes that he titled the preliminary lecture the booklet is predicated on "The Play part of Culture". This name was once again and again corrected to "in" tradition, a revision he objected to. Huizinga explains:

"...it used to be now not my item to outline where of play between all different manifestations of tradition, yet fairly to examine how a long way tradition itself bears the nature of play." (Foreword, unnumbered page)

The uncredited English translator of the Beacon Press model converted the subtitle of the booklet to "A examine of the Play-Element In Culture", contradicting Huizinga's said goal. The translator explains in a footnote within the Foreword, "Logically, after all, Huizinga is true; yet as English prepositions should not ruled via good judgment i've got retained the extra euphonious ablative during this sub-title." hence, the translator intends no swap in which means, yet primarily inspiration "in culture" sounded greater than "of culture"!

The model in print and generally to be had in English is a translation and synthesis of the unique Dutch and the 1st English translation (done by means of Huizinga himself), simply because "a comparability of the 2 texts exhibits a few discrepancies and a marked distinction in style" (Translators observe, unnumbered page).

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Homo Ludens or "Man the Player" (alternatively, "Playing Man") is a ebook written in 1938 by means of Dutch historian, cultural theorist and professor Johan Huizinga. It discusses the significance of the play section of tradition and society. Huizinga makes use of the time period "Play Theory" in the e-book to outline the conceptual area during which play happens.

Extra info for Homo Ludens: Study of the Play Element in Culture (International Library of Society)

Example text

The matter is not as simple as that. e. the one covered, with slight variations, by the words cor­ responding to the English word "play" in most modern European languages. Such a concept, we felt, seemed to be tolerably well defined in the following terms : play is a voluntary activity or occupation executed within certain fixed limits of time and place, according to rules freely accepted but absolutely binding, having its aim in itself and accompanied by a feeling of tension, joy and the consciousness that it is "different" from "ordinary life" .

Johanna Snellen (Amsterdam, 1 907) . Plegen can here be understood unhesitatingly as play. l While the Dutch and German words mean "duty" and hardly anything else, pliht means primarily "peril" , secondarily 'foffence" , "fault", "blame" , and finally "pledge", "engagement" . The verb plihtan has the sense of "exposing one­ self to danger" , "to compromise" , "to oblige" . As to pledge, Mediaeval Latin formed the word plegium from the Germanic plegan; and plegium in its turn became the Old French pleige­ whence the English pledge.

In Semitic languages, therefore, the play­ concept would seem to be of a somewhat vaguer and looser character than in the ones we have examined so far. As we shall see, Hebrew affords striking evidence of the identity between the agonistic and the play principle. In remarkable contrast to Greek with its changing and hetero­ geneous terms for the play-function, Latin has really only one word to cover the whole field of play : ludus, from ludere, of which lusus is a direct derivative. We should observe that jocus, jocari in the special sense ofjoking and jesting does not mean play proper in classical Latin.

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Homo Ludens: Study of the Play Element in Culture (International Library of Society) by Johan Huizinga


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