Read e-book online Aristotle's Concept of Chance: Accidents, Cause, Necessity, PDF

By John Dudley

ISBN-10: 1438432267

ISBN-13: 9781438432267

The 1st exhaustive learn of Aristotle’s proposal of likelihood. This landmark booklet is the 1st to supply a finished account of Aristotle’s inspiration of likelihood. likelihood is invoked by means of many to give an explanation for the order within the universe, the origins of existence, and human freedom and happiness. An figuring out of Aristotle’s idea of probability is necessary for an appreciation of his perspectives on nature and ethics, perspectives that experience had an important impression at the improvement of Western philosophy. writer John Dudley analyzes Aristotle’s account of probability within the Physics, the Metaphysics, in his organic and moral treatises, in addition to in his different works. vital complementary issues equivalent to Aristotle’s feedback of pre-Socratic philosophers, relatively Empedocles and Democritus; Plato’s suggestion of likelihood; the chronology of Aristotle’s works; and the relevance of Aristotle’s concept to evolution and quantum conception also are coated extensive. this can be a vital booklet for students and scholars of Western philosophy. John Dudley is examine Fellow within the De Wulf-Mansion Centre for old, Mediaeval and Renaissance Philosophy on the college of Leuven in Belgium.

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Extra resources for Aristotle's Concept of Chance: Accidents, Cause, Necessity, and Determinism

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Unnaturally) generated natural substances (infra Ch. 5). 271-2: “Man wird enttäuscht werden, wenn man in der aristotelischen Analyse mehr als den Nachweis sucht, daß wir die Begrifflichkeit von Zweck und Worumwillen, die wir schon immer 26 ARISTOTLE’S CONCEPT OF CHANCE subsequent to it. The outcome of thought is not merely parallel to the working of Nature, but posterior to it. 22 This observation is of capital importance. Thus the human experience of thinking and of acting for a purpose provides a privileged access for man to the kind of thing that Nature is doing for a purpose without the use of reason.

6 Phys. II, viii, 199 a 1-5 (passage examined infra Ch. 3(a)), pp. 87-8; Rhet. I, ix, 1367 b 25; Pol. II, xxi, 1274 a 12; V, iv, 1304 a 1; V, vi, 1306 b 6-12. 7 Cf. Met. 1(XIV), vi, 1093 b 17. 8 Cf. De Int. 19 a 20-22. 13 Since people use the term ‘chance’ to refer to certain unusual occurrences, the term must have some content relating to reality and be applicable to these unusual occurrences for some reason. (iv) Chance refers to events Having established that chance is a term used to refer only to unusual occurrences, Aristotle, in his argument in Phys.

A VXPEHEKNRY includes both usual and unusual accidents, but excludes a proprium (L>GLRQ). But in Met. g. APo I, vi, 75 a 19; I, vii, 75 b 1; I, xxii, 83 b 19-20; Phys. II, ii, 193 b 27-28; III, iv, 203 b 33; Met. 32 ARISTOTLE’S CONCEPT OF CHANCE WR VXPEHEKNRY (Met. g. the blue-eyed musician, where most musicians have blue eyes. When he deals with accidental causes in Phys. II, iii Aristotle does not restrict them to those that neither always nor usually inhere in a per se cause. All concurrent or coincidental causes are accidental causes.

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Aristotle's Concept of Chance: Accidents, Cause, Necessity, and Determinism by John Dudley

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